"Come and See": A Web Commentary on the Gospel of John: Section 3 New Beginnings
Section 3.2: Renewing the Temple (Jn 2.13-25)
13And the Jewish Passover was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14And in the Temple he found sellers of cattle, sheep, and doves and money changers sitting. 15And after making a whip out of cords, he threw them all out of the Temple, and the sheep and cattle too. And he spilled the money changers' coins and overturned their tables, 16and he said to the dove-sellers, 'Take these things away from here! Do not make my Father's house a house of trade.'1 17His disciples remembered that it is written, 'Zeal for your house devoured me.'2 18The Judaeans (or The Jerusalemites) therefore answered and said to him, 'What sign do you show us for doing these things?' 19Jesus answered and said to them, 'Demolish this temple and in three days I will raise it.' 20The Judaeans (or The Jerusalemites) therefore said, 'This Temple has been under construction for forty-six years3, and you will raise it in three days!' 21But he was speaking about the temple of his body. 22Therefore when he rose from the dead, his disciples remembered that he said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus spoke.
23When he was in Jerusalem during Passover at the festival, many put their trust in his name, seeing the signs that he did. 24But Jesus himself did not entrust himself to them on account of his knowing them all 25and because he had no need for anyone to bear witness about anyone, for he himself knew what was in a person.
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1 Compare Zechariah 14.21b: ' And there shall no longer be traders in the house of the Lord of hosts on that day'.
2 Psalm 69.9a: 'It is zeal for your house that has consumed me'.