"Come and See": A Web Commentary on the Gospel of John: Section 13 The Passion, Death, and Burial of Jesus (Jn 18.1-19.42)

Jesus' Crucifixion and Death (John 19.16b-30)

16bThen the soldiers1 seized Jesus. 17And carrying the cross himself, Jesus2 went out to the place called "Skull Place" - in Hebrew it is called "Golgotha". 18There they crucified him, and two others with him, one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19Pilate also had an inscription written and placed it on the cross. On it3 was written: "Jesus of Nazareth, the king of the Jews". 20Then many of the people of Jerusalem read this inscription because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And it was in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21The Jewish chief priests said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The king of the Jews', but that that fellow said 'I am king of the Jews'" 22Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."

23The soldiers then, when they crucified Jesus, took his outer clothing and they divided it into four parts4, plus the tunic5 - for there was a seamless tunic6, completely woven from the top. 24Then they said to one another, "Don't let's tear it! Instead let's draw lots for it, to see who'll get it7! This was so as to fulfil the scripture that says,

They divided my garments for themselves

And they cast lots for my clothing.8

So the soldiers did this.

25There stood at the cross of Jesus his mother and his mother's sister-in-law, Mary the wife of Clopas9 and Mary Magdalen. 26Then Jesus, seeing his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing near her10, said to his mother, "Woman, behold your son." 27Then he said to the disciple, "Behold your mother." And from that hour the disciple made her part of his household.

28After this, knowing that everything was now done, Jesus said - so that the Scripture might be fulfilled - "em am thirsty." 29A vessel full of sour wine was standing there so putting a sponge filled with the sour wine on a hyssop branch, they put it to his lips. 30When Jesus took the sour wine, he said "It is done" and, bowing his head, he gave over his spirit.

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1 the soldiers: added for clarity; Gk they

2 Jesus: added for clarity; Gk he

3 On it: supplied for clarity

4 literally they made four parts

5 tunic: or coat

6 or a tunic without stitching

7 Literally let's draw lots for it, whose it will be

8 Ps 22.19 (LXX)

9 Literally Mary of Clopas; see Comments below

10 her: supplied for sense