"Come and See": A Web Commentary on the Gospel of John: Section 10 New Life Foreshadowed (Jn 11.1-57)

10.1. Jesus raises Lazarus (Jn 11.1-46)

11 1Now there was a sick man, Lazarus of Bethany, from the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2Indeed it was Mary who anointed the Lord with sweet-smelling oil and wiped his feet with her hair: her brother Lazarus was ill. 3So the sisters sent to him to say, “See, Lord, one you love is sick!” 4When Jesus heard, he said, “This illness is not for death; rather it is for God’s glory, for the Son of God to be glorified through it.” (5Yet Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.) 6So when Jesus heard1 that Lazarus2 was sick, he still stayed in the place where he was for two days. 7Then after that, he said to the disciples, “Let’s go to Judaea again.” 8The disciples said to him, “Rabbi, just now the Judaeans were seeking to stone you and you are going there again?” 9Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours of daylight? If someone walks in the light of day, they don’t stumble, because they see the light of this world. 10But if someone walks at night, they stumble, because they don’t have the light in them.”

11He said this and afterward he said to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I’m going to awaken him.” 12Then the disciples said to him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he is going to recover!” 13But Jesus had been talking about Lazarus’3 death, while they thought that he was talking about a restful sleep. 14So then Jesus said to them plainly, “Lazarus died. 15And I am glad for your sake that I wasn’t there, so you may put your trust in me4. But let’s go to him. 16Then Thomas, called “Twin”, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go to die with him.”

17Then Jesus, when he came, found that Lazarus5 had already been in the tomb for four days. 18Now Bethany6 was near Jerusalem, about 15 stades away7. 19So many of the Jerusalemites had come to Martha and Mary, to console them about their brother. 20Then Martha, when she heard that Jesus was coming, went to meet him; but Mary sat in the house. 21Then Martha said to Jesus, “Sir, if you had been here, my brother would not have died! 22[But] even now I know that whatever you may ask God for, God will give you!” 23Jesus said to her “Your brother will rise again.” 24Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again at the resurrection on the last day.” 25Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The one who trusts in me, even if they die, will live. 26And everyone who trusts in me while they are alive will not die eternally. Do you believe this?” 27She said to him, “Yes. sir! I have trusted that you are the Messiah, the Son of God who is coming into the world.”

28And after saying this she went away and spoke to Mary her sister, saying privately, “The teacher is here and is asking for you.” 29Then when Mary8 heard, she got up quickly and went toward him. 30Jesus had not yet come into the village but was still in the place where Martha met him. 31Then the Jerusalemites who were with her in the house and were consoling her, seeing that Mary had got up quickly and gone out, followed her, thinking that she was going to the tomb to lament there.

32Then Mary, when she came where Jesus was and saw him, fell at his feet, saying to him, “Sir, if you had been here, my brother would not have died!” 33Then when Jesus saw her lamenting and the Jerusalemites who came with her lamenting, he was angry at heart and deeply agitated. 34And he said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Sir, come and see.” 35Jesus wept. 36Then the Jerusalemites said, “See how he loved him!” 37But some of them said, “Couldn’t the one who opened the eyes of the blind man have kept him from dying?”

38Then Jesus, again angry at heart, went to the tomb. It was a cave and a stone was put over it. 39Jesus said, “Lift away the stone.” The dead man’s sister Martha said to him, “Sir, it stinks by this time! It’s the fourth day, after all.” 40Jesus said, “Didn’t I tell you that if you trust in me9, you will see God’s glory?” 41So they lifted away the stone. The Jesus looked up and said, “Father, thank you for listening to me! 42I’m sure you are always listening to me, but I say it10 for the sake of the crowd of bystanders, so that they may trust that you sent me.” 43And after saying this he cried out in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!44So the dead man came out; his feet and hands were bound with strips of cloth and his face was wrapped in a towel. Jesus told them, “Untie him and let him go.”

45Then many of the Jerusalemites who came to Mary and saw the things that Jesus11 did put their trust in him. 46But some of them went away to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus did.

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1literally he heard

2 literally he was

3 literally his

4 in me: supplied

5 literally he

6Not to be confused with Bethany across the Jordan, where they received word of Lazarus' illness (Jn 10.40-42)

7 Fifteen stades is just under 3 kilometers.

8 literally That woman

9 in me: supplied

10 it: supplied

11 Jesus: Gk he